The Effects of the Hazard

Physical Effects:
         High Windsóexceeding 160km/hr.† Up to 300 km/hr. Massive damage even to reinforced buildings.
         Flooding - caused by heavy rainfall/ storm surge.† E.g. Honduras, homes washed away and large loss of life.
         Ocean Storm surges; Results from high winds and low pressure. E.g.Bangladesh 1985 (Waugh).
         Landslides; cam result due to water logging where buildings on steep slopes.†

Human Effects - Massive damage to property and particularly in L.E.D.Cís massive loss of life when the hazard occurs in a populated area.† M.E.D.Cís are likely to suffer greater economic damage due to the advanced state of the infrastructure.

Sources to discover the frequency of occurrence and determining the reliability of these sources.

         Insurance Companies - compile risk assessment for areas that could be threatened by Hurricanes. BUT this sort of research is not really present in L.E.DCís.† This resource is also an indicator of local risk and does not give an accurate indication of the global scale of the hazard.

         The Met office that is the meteorological monitoring system used by Britain and its counterparts such as the U.S Meteorological office.

Description of responses that have been made in order to prevent the hazard and or manage the hazard.

         There is no way to prevent the hazard from occurring.

         Human casualties can be reduced in number by accurate warning and prediction of the disaster and in the management of resources in the aftermath of a Hurricane. Reducing the effects: Changing/reinforcing buildings to withstand extreme wind conditions. Coastal defences; raised + reinforced beaches (coastal defences to break force of surge). Education and awareness; Allows people to make preparations and prepare individual defence.

How successful these responses are based upon the perception and understanding of the hazard.

Hazard perception is important; high-risk areas may not be effectively identified. CLIMATE CHANGE: Dynamic measurement needed as the areas which are affected by the hazard †are likely to change.†

         Hazard will present itself differently according to the local geographical conditions.† E.g. LEDCís are likely to face different problems.† Poor infrastructure, all measure to prevent loss of life will be impaired.

         Past event response. Unless adequate healthcare + supplies (for example fresh water to prevent the spread of disease) are planned for, the success of any preventative strategies will be low.† People may survive Hurricane, but die in the aftermath.

Week by week content taught by Mr Phipps at
K.PHIPPS SCHEDULE - WEEKS 1-15
K.PHIPPS SCHEDULE - WEEKS 16-19
K.PHIPPS SCHEDULE - WEEKS 20-26
Week by week content taught by Mr Jackson at
C.JACKSON SCHEDULE - WEEKS 1-15
C.JACKSON SCHEDULE - WEEKS 16-19
C.JACKSON SCHEDULE - WEEKS 20-26
UPPER SIXTH RESOURCES AS/A2 CURRICULUM MAP AS/A2 SYLLABUS (PDF FORMAT)
CHESTER FIELDWORK MILAN FIELDWORK
Site created by Nucleated Technology
Copyright ©2002