UPPER SIXTH - KGP SCHEDULE, WEEKS 1 - 15

Module 4 Global Change
13.2 People and the Environment: Hazards; Conflicts over Resources.

SPECIFICATION CONTENT
DETAILED CONTENT/LESSON FOCUS
SKILLS
Volcanoes and earthquakes:
global distribution; global and regional effects.
VOLCANOES AND EARTHQUKES
KGP SCHEDULE
WEEKS 1-15
The origin, geographical distribution, frequency of occurrence and scale of the hazard.
Link between distribution and boundaries of tectonic plates.
· Constructive margins (volcanic activity and earthquakes).
· Destructive margins/subduction zones (volcanic activity at island arcs etc)/ earthquakes as continental plates meet Benioff zones.
· Conservative margins (earthquakes).
· Hot spots/rift valleys.
· Magnitude/intensity of earthquakes measured by Richter/Mercalli scales.
· Nature of different volcanic eruptions.
REVISION
The effects of the hazard on the physical, built and human environments.

Earthquakes:· primary hazards: ground shaking;
· secondary hazards: soil liquefaction; landslides; avalanches (rock and snow); Tsunamis.
Volcanoes:· impact depends on eruption styles;
· primary hazards; nuee ardentes (pyroclastic flow);tephra;lava flow; · secondary hazards: volcanic gases; lahars; landslides; Tsunamis.

REVISION

PINATUBO VOLCANO CASE STUDY

The extent to which the hazard can be predicted and/or prevented.

Prediction based on past patterns limitations of such data. Little warning in short term
(earthquakes).

REVISION
Types of response to the hazard, varying from fatalism to reaction, protection and prevention. Individual or collective responses, hazard management and relief.
Monitoring of volcanic hazards:
· seismograph;
· tiltmeters and ground deformation;
· gas/steam emissions,etc.
Geological hazard mapping.
Resistant design for buildings and infrastructure. Environmental control:
· injection of water in fault zones;
· bombing/barriers/water spraying of lava flows.

Community awareness and education.
REVISION
HAZARDS 1
Burglary.
HAZARDS 4
Earthquakes and Volcanoes.
HAZARDS 2
Disease/Aids.
HAZARDS 5
Multiple Hazards.
HAZARDS 3
Tropical Storms.
CONFLICT
Conflict over the use of a Resource.
Week by week content taught by Mr Phipps at
K.PHIPPS SCHEDULE - WEEKS 1-15
K.PHIPPS SCHEDULE - WEEKS 16-19
K.PHIPPS SCHEDULE - WEEKS 20-26
Week by week content taught by Mr Jackson at
C.JACKSON SCHEDULE - WEEKS 1-15
C.JACKSON SCHEDULE - WEEKS 16-19
C.JACKSON SCHEDULE - WEEKS 20-26
UPPER SIXTH RESOURCES AS/A2 CURRICULUM MAP AS/A2 SYLLABUS (PDF FORMAT)
CHESTER FIELDWORK MILAN FIELDWORK
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