The following is not an entire guide to how to complete the GGO1 exam. However, it is worth mentioning that this is what the examiners recommend as a way to proceed with this exam. This is summarised from the 1999 Exam Report, so is a direct indication of what they think should be done.


“there was a lot of evidence of poor preparation for this examination….. Candidates should:

·       be familiar with all the material in the Booklet.

·       look up the meaning of any words or concepts with which they are not familiar.

·       study any maps and diagrams carefully, so that they are as aware of the information contained within them as they are of information contained in the text.

·       make themselves familiar with the scale of the area under consideration.

·       consider where and how the information that is given could be used.

·       try to list the specifically geographical concepts and key ideas that are dealt with in the Booklet.

·       go back and read over class notes and other references to topics and key ideas that are dealt with in the Booklet.

·       consider how the work done throughout the course may relate to the ideas being dealt with in the Booklet.

·       consider a variety of possible questions that could arise from the material in the Booklet, and consider how such questions could be tackled, BUT,

·       not over-plan answers to the extent that the question you answer is the one you expected, not what is written.



“Candidates should not be fearful of referring to the town where they live, believing that the Examiner will not know that town, and so cannot credit valid material. Examiners are briefed to accept material based on areas they personally do not know - they only reject material they know conclusively to be incorrect. In short, the ‘candidate never lies’. However, if candidates do not offer locational material in the first place, then it cannot be credited.”

In other words, if you are confident in your use of a case study, and it is not obviously wrong, you can get away with some misappropriation of the truth.