1 THE DYNAMICS
10.2 PEOPLE AND THE ENVIRONMENT -POPULATION AND RESOURCES - SWEDEN
SWEDEN - HOW
SWEDEN'S UNDERPOPULATION RELATES TO RESOURCE AND TECHNOLOGICAL AVAILABILITY
Sweden has the following resources: Zinc, iron ore, lead, copper, silver, timber and uranium. Also there is a thriving wood pulp and paper industry in Sweden. There is an easy access (for imports and exports) route through the Gulf of Bothnia. The Gulf of Bothnia and the Atlantic Ocean can be used for fishing as can the Baltic Sea. Sweden exports $85.7 billion (1999) with the main exports being machinery, motor vehicles, paper products, iron and steel products and chemicals.
How is Sweden Underpopulated?
Despite the vast
range of resources the population density is only 19.82ppl/sq km.
Population density under 20ppl/sq km makes the country underpopulated.
To add to this the population of Sweden is increasing by 0.02% per
year, which is extremely low. This means that Sweden is in Stage 4
of the Demographic Transition Model and verging on Stage 5 (where
death rates exceed birth rates).
The probable reasons
for Sweden's underpopulation are: